of Russian Scouting is so deep in years and wide in geography, we
just mentioned milestones on it, you can learn more in Russian
language page or from printing
last message to Scouts - found in his papers after death, 1940(?).
last message to Leaders found in his papers after death, 1940(?).
UNDAUNTED-II. Scouting in Estonia. illegal version, copyright owner unknown. Permitted by Author.
UNDAUNTED-II. Scouting in Vietman. illegal version, copyright owner unknown. Permitted by Author.
UNDAUNTED-II. Scouting in Albania. illegal version, copyright owner unknown. Permitted by Author.
UNDAUNTED-II. Scouting in Lithuania. illegal version, copyright owner unknown. Permitted by Author.
Milestones of Scouting.
First gymnastic playground in Braunsberg (Germany). The foundation
of a gymnastic society Union of dignified laid the foundation of
German and Austrian gymnastic societies.
Frederich Ludvig Yan published a book “About German gymnastic art”.
He also created a lot of apparatus, which laid the foundation of present-day
gymnastic in the World.
The foundation of YMCA (UK) - Young Men Christian Association, whose
aim was to propagandise healthy mode of life and religious
According to the example of YMCA, there was created woman
organisation YWCA - Young Women Christian Association.
On the 12th of February Miroslav Tirsh and Indrich Figner laid out
the foundation of Czéch Gymnastic society in Prague. This was
the beginning of “Sokol-falcon” movement.
Ernst Seton-Tompson, boy of 14 years old, gathered “Indian
tribe” in USA, which was later called “Robin Hood gang”.
YMCA organised the first youth camp.
well-known nature scientist, writer and artist founded “Woodcraft
Indians” movement. This movement had never become an organisation.
Seton-Thopmson supported scout movement in USA in 1910 and later on
he became the Chief-scout in the organisation of Boy Scouts of
major-general from United Kingdom, organised 10-days camp with a
group of 22 boys on the Brownsea Island. (Despite the fact, that B-P
didn’t consider this camp to be a scout camp, according to the
agreement during the World Scout Conference in 1999 this day is
considered to be the day of birth of scout movement)
became lieutenant-general. He published small brochures called
“Scouting for boys”, which laid the foundation of Scout
Scouting in Russia
Foundation of Russian gymnastic society according to the example of
“Sokol” (falcon) Czech and German societies.
Gymnastic society “Sever-North” in St. Petersburg has organised
the first woman gymnastic holiday, which had a “sokol-falcon”
Foundation of “poteshny” movement in Bakhmoot (Ekaterinoslav
region) according to the example of the regiment of Peter the Great.
Publication of the book “Young scout”, which was a translation
of “B-P” book, issued according to the will of Nicolas II. The
emperor wanted to help “poteshny”, whom he considered to be the
Russian prototype of boy-scouts.
On the 30th of April Captain Pantukhoff Oleg Ivanovich has gathered
for the first time the patrol of Russian scouts “Bobr (beaver)”
in Pavlovsk (near St. Petersburg). This day is considered to be the
day of foundation of Russian scouting.
Sir Robert Baden-Powell visited St. Petersburg in December. Prince
himself had a meeting with him. Besides that, he also met Pantukhoff
and his scouts.
The emperor Nikolas II passed a review of Bachmoot’sky “military
formation class” in Tsarskoe Selo. By this gesture he wanted to
attract public attention to youth development.
The first issue of weekly magazine “Student”. Teacher
Yanchevatsky B. was the editor of this magazine (later he became a
famous historical writer Yan). “Student” had a column “Young
scout”, which became the first Russian scout press.
Review of several thousands of “poteshnye” in St.Petersburg.
Pantukhoff’s scouts also took part in this parade.
First Russian scout camp for St. Petersburg’s scouts was held in
Luchta (Finland) under the supervision of Yanchevatsky V.G.
The government didn’t allow to create Russian scout union, but it
adopted the order of “Russian Scout” society. The members of
this society were grown-ups who wanted to help scout brigade (the
organisation of Russian scouts was not created)
The beginning of World War I. Russian scout movement was growing.
It’s members were helping the army, getting presents for soldiers,
extricating casualties from trains to hospitals, helping refugees.
the foundation of first scout museum in the world by Vladimir Popov,
who was the editor of the magazine “Around the world-Vokrug
sveta” with the help of Pantukhoff.
Dr Anokhin A.K. has set up the first scout-guide brigade with the
help of Prokhorova L.D. (teacher) in Kiev.
Society “Russian Scout” has organised the first scout congress
from 25th till 30th of December 1915. Scout movement has been spread
in 24 towns in Russia. Only 4 organisations have taken part in this
congress: Petrograd, Tsarskoe selo, Moscow and Kiev. 10 Laws, Scout
Promises and commandments were adopted during this conference. It
was decided that one could use both names “Young razvedchik” and
Wide growth of Scout Movement in Russia. At the end of the year
there were about 50 000 scouts: boys and girls in 143 towns.
Second scout congress in Russia was organised by “Russian Scout”
society from 28th of December 1916 till 3rd of January 1917 in
Petrograd. 12 laws have been adopted and it was decided that
Scoutmaster was a degree and not a position, like it was in England.
Activity of Russian-Latvian brigade was forbidden In Riga (which was
under German occupation). Fogelman, commander of a brigade 92 was
arrested and shoot because of his illegal work.
“Bolsheviki” - communists came to power on the 7th of November
(October revolution). Civil war split Russian society and Russian
scouting. The majority of scouts were for “white” army. A lot of
them joined this army as volunteers. White army was always helping
On the 24th of February Estonia has announced its independence. So,
Russian brigades in Estonia were the first foreign Russian scout
On the 18th of November Latvia has announced its independence.
Russian brigades in Latvia were also abroad.
In Autumn during the conference on universal military education, it
was decided to create the organisation of young communists on the
base of scout brigades. Scout activity continued under a new name. A
part of scoutleaders supported to “bolsheviki”.
Those scouts, who didn’t want to collaborate with communists,
created their own commonwealth “Brothers of the fire”. This was
one of the most famous underground commonwealths. We can say that
their total amount in Russia was not more then a hundred.
There was a congress of scout instructors from Siberia, Ural and
Ural area in Chelyabinsk in May 1919. They have established
All-Russian scout’s organisation under the supervision of Oleg
Pantukhoff. This act was symbolic, but it created back-ground for
the creation of “NORS” in immigration.
Pantukhoff received a lifelong degree of Chief Russian Scout during
the conference in Novocherkassk in autumn
- During the second congress of Comsomol - young communists league-
it was decided to disembody scouts brigades - so called Yuck-scouts
(Young communars scouts), despite the fact, that they supported
communists, but still had some elements of classical scouting. Some
of the commanders (like Napalkov and Fomisuk) were arrested and
killed in Kiev.
Scout children -immigrant activity started on Proti island (Turkey).
A little bit later the same thing started on the other islands and
1920 On the
11th of November following to order of Oleg Pantukhoff there was a
unification of all foreign Russian organisations in one Organisation
of Russian scouts abroad with the headquarter in Constantinople.
(summer) - Opening of camps on Russian Island (Vladivostok), in
France, Finland, Greece, Manchuria, Bulgaria, Constantinople and
Krupskaya (Lenin’s wife) published a brochure “RKSM (Comsomol)
and boy-scoutisme”, in which she advised to create children
organisation with communistic spirit and scout form.
Creation of “Pioneer organisation” during the second RKSM
conference. After Lenin’s death (1924) it was called All-union
pioneer Lenin’s organisation. The word “pioneer” was suggested
by I. Zhukov, ex-secretary of “Russian Scout” society, a
talented teacher and sculptor, who neglected non-political principal
of Russian scout movement. Pretty soon he was rejected by a new
On the 1st of July Russian scout organisation abroad joined Slavonic
Union of scouts and girl-scouts.
On the 30th of august Russian scout organisation abroad joined
International Boy scout Bureau in London (which was later called
World Scouts Bureau) according to the decision of International
Opening of immigration courses “Be like sun” for instructors.
(November) - Adoption of a temporary order of all-Russian national
Organisation of Russian scouts (ANORS), which was later called
(December) - Approval of National Russian scout sign with St. George
in the centre (according to the draft of Nina Pantukhoffa - wife of
Oleg Pantukhoff )
(January) - Adoption of a sign for Russian guides and girl-guides -
three white snowdrops with a ribbon and a slogan: “Be ready!” in
the centre and with the following words “Remember Russia”.
Pantukhoffa became the Senior instructor for Russian branch of NORS.
The slogan “Remember Russia!” was substituted by a slogan “For
On the 17th of June all scout organisations, which were connected
with Boy scout International Bureau in London (including NORS
organisation) were forbidden in Germany. The brigade was called
“Knights of Russian Student Christian Movement (RSCM)”. Branch
in Dresden became illegal.
On the 17th of June German troops have occupied Poland, on the 17th
of September Red Army has occupied Western Belarus and Western
Ukraine. On the 28th of September German troops have occupied
Warsaw. Polish scout’s organisation (Harzers) including Russian
brigades were prohibited.
In spring Zhiritsky P., member of Russian committee in Warsaw,
started illegal scout’s activity and created the brigade of scouts
in the committee.
On the 8th of January Lord Baden -Powell of Gilwell, founder of
scout movement was dead at the age of 83. He was buried in Nyeri,
1941 (may) -
Change of NORS into OR -organisation of razvedchiks (pathfinders).
As the order was not clear enough, the name of the organisation was
changed to NORR.
Russian scouts were on illegal position on all the territory of
Creation of organisation of Russian young razvedchiks (pathfinders)
- ORYR with the help of temporary administration on the territories,
which were under American control and English control. And under
very strong ultra-political influence of NTS (People Labour Union),
during Münich conference B. Martino was elected as an alternate
of Russian senior scout without an agreement of Oleg Pantukhoff, who
basically was Russian Chief Scout.
1945 - On
the 15th of November during London’s meeting of International Boy
scout committee it was decided to exclude Russian scouts from
“scout society” because of the following reason: “… to
escape any circumstances, which could compromise any scout
organisation in USSR, that could become the member of World scout
fraternity”. It’s interesting to mention that NORS was
registered as “Russian scouts” in Universal scout’s movement
in the end of 40ties.
(December) - Martino B. changed the name of his position to
“Senior Scoutmaster”. This event split Russian scout movement in
31. Oleg I. Pantukhoff declared in open letter to all Russian scout
leaders of NORS that “…ONLY organisation which able to call
themselves as Russian scouts is NORS created in 1909” and “ ORYR
does not sanctioned by me anymore for political influence of NTS
that translated to children”
On the 25th of October Oleg Pantukhoff, the founder of Russian
movement, senior Russian scout, was dead in Nice, France (He was
born on the 25th of March 1882). One part of NORS considered
Krasovsky (alternate of Pantukhoff) to become Senior Russian scout,
another part has chosen Sel’dyarevich. It was the reason of NORS
split. All the other independent Russian scout organisations were
(November) - Creation of Russian revival scout’s group in Russia.
It’s members were A. Lasarev, S. Belyaev, S. Chernykh , Tarmo Alt
(scoutmaster from Estonia). They started arranging scout meetings in
Russia (publications about scouts in Russian press, they wanted to
revival illegal movement)
Group of scouters from USA visited USSR and had meetings with youth.
(November) Russian revival scout group organised
“All-Soviet Union meeting for people interested in scouting”
with the help of Committee of Youth of Supreme Soviet in USSR. Oleg
Pantukhoff - Junior, son of Russian founder of scout’s movement,
and USA-ORYR delegation, instructors from Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia
and Estonia also took part in it. Message from World Scout Bureau
about the development of scout’s movement was announced during
this meeting. Meeting as adopted Association of revival of Russian
Scouting (AVoRS). It was a creation of single organisation (like Boy
Scouts of America), which was unitary (according to it’s
structure), and diverse in terms of nationalities, geography and
pedagogy - prototype of future National Scout Organisation.
Opening of an Information centre, which was a part of World Bureau.
It’s aim was to help the development of national scout’s
associations in USSR. General director of this centre was Bondar’
(summer) -Opening of camps in Russia (about 15). Some of them could
be called scout’s camps. Several camps become universal and
traditional (for example “Long spear” In Crimea). Group of
children from USSR visit 17th World Jamboree in South Korea.
(November) - creation of “Federation of Scouts of Russia” during
the meeting of AvoRS instructors in St. Petersburg. This declaration
stopped the AVoRS activity. Practically it was start of split of the
Activity of ORYR
(about 30) and NORS groups in Russia
scoutmasters tried to avoid the split of AVoRS, but they didn’t
succeed. Creation of Federation of Orthodox Scouts-Pathfinders
(FOS), it’s order was signed by Patriarch Alexei II.
ORYR group organises camp called “Jamboree” near St. Petersburg
Creation and registration of Russian Union of Scouts - R.U.S. by
Slava E. Chernykh and Igor Bogdanov.
- Instructors from R.U.S. held an Scoutmasters training course
according to Gilwell’s system Wood Badge.
Russian scouts officially took part in 18th the World scout Jamboree
in Holland (as guests).
Letter of General Secretary of WOSM to Russian Scout leaders
where he mentioned about two choices in Russian scouting. First
(choice #1)- to create a single - unitary organisation (as BSA).
Second (choice #
2)- Federation with republics, “open scouting” union,
All Russian scouts
where need to choose one of mentioned two models.
Creation of the committee of All-Russian national Scout Organisation
- BHCO-ARNSO followed federation model according “choice#2” .
Meeting of representatives of scout organisations, creation of
All-Russian National Scout Organisation. It’s members were the
Scouts in Komi
organisation of Scout Movement in Russia
Russian Union of
Union of Scouts in
- The same time FSR
have “Congress of the troop leaders” and declared co-joining to
ORyR (regional branch of US located ORYR) under common name NORS-R
for claim to be historically approved to use this name.
Group of scouts and instructors of ARNSO took part in the 19th World
Jamboree in Chile. United Russian Jamboree Committee arranged
April . Anniversary of First Russian Scout Patrol
Slava E. Chernykh created a Bronze Beaver Order - highest award of
the Russian Scouting.
Courses of senior scouts “Excelscout’99” in Crimea, scout
organisations of Eurasia region were represented in teams of 4-8
people. Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Moldavia, Tajikistan are the
members of WOSM. Russia is not the member of WOSM, but it was
represented on these courses in a team of 5 scouts.
21-31 July. All-Russian National Scout Organisation held National
Jamboree near Moscow, Pushkino. More than 4000 scouts anticipated on
the camp site. Programme of the camp include as traditional scout
activities and world life involving’ Developing village, Safe the
future - ecological project, Fairy-Tales of Russia - cultural
- World Scout
Committee recommended on to postal voting ARNSO as ONLY National
Russian scout organisation - member of WOSM.
- Traditional scout
camps as Vetluga’2000 and many others belonged to ARNSO will
accommodate more than 15 000 Russian and foreign scouts during the
- Russian Jamboree
Committee start to preparation to World Scout Jamboree in Thailand
2002-2003. All scouts invited to join this great event.
- NORS-R -
groupings of ex-FSR and part of ORyR leaders have a camp near
Saratov - Volga’2000.